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Mental health experts discuss bullying definition and where it occurs

"Bullying is repeated and unwanted negative and aggressive behavior that is over days, weeks, months, and sometimes years," SSM Health Psychologist, Dr. Laurel Kramer said. 

The line between bullying and being picked on is often blurry.

"Bullying is repeated and unwanted negative and aggressive behavior that is over days, weeks, months, and sometimes years. Being picked on a few times is being picked on and learning how to handle that back and forth assertiveness can be helpful. Being bullied, it increases overtime and it's repeated and also unwanted," SSM Health Psychologist Dr. Laurel Kramer said.

Kramer said bullying is designed to destroy the self-esteem of the victim.

Bullying is classified into physical, social, and cyber behavior. Physical bullying can include spitting, hitting and shoving. Social bullying includes verbal threats to hurt, harm and damage property in order to increase fear. Other bullying examples include teasing, leaving people out, starting rumors and cyberbullying.

But bullying does not just occur at school. It happens in places such as at parties, sports practices and even in the office.

According to stopbullying.gov, 21 percent of students ages 12-18 experienced bullying. The Workplace Bullying Institute said 35 percent of workers have experienced bullying on the job.

Experts said a majority of physical bullying in schools in caused by boys. Females are typically the perpetrators of social bullying and a majority of workplace bullying is same-gender harassment.


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