We had quite a few weather records set or tied in mid-Missouri in 2012.
There were 14 record high temperatures set or tied. The hottest temperature reached was 107 on June 28. We even had the 5th most occurrences of temperatures greater than or equal to 100 degrees with 24 days and ten of those days happened to be in a row. That's the 6th longest streak of such temperatures.
2012 also had the 3rd most occurrences of temperatures greater than or equal to 90 degrees with 76 days, 27 of which were in a row. In fact with all the summer heat, 2012 ended up being the hottest year on record for the Columbia area with an average temperature of 59.4 degrees. The previous record was 58.3 degrees set in 1938.
On the opposite side of the heat, we have the cold. The coldest temperature recorded in 2012 was +9 on January 18. It was the only day in 2012 we recorded a single digit low temperature. The average high temperature in 2012 was 70.6 degrees and the average low temperature was 48.1 degrees.
Despite seeing a surplus of rain for the first four months of 2012, by the middle of May we were heading to a drought. We received a total of 30.78" of precipitation for the year. Our 30 year average is 42.62 ". This past year was the 9th driest summer on record with 5.74" of rain. There were 88 days that received at least .01" and 8 days that received over 1" of rain. We set two daily rainfall records. The first was April 29 (3.08") and the second on August 31 (2.23"). The highest 24 hour rainfall total was 3.22" between April 29th and April 30th.
The Columbia area received a total of 9" of snowfall in 2012, 3.7" of which, came during the month of December. The greatest 24 hour period of snowfall was 3.4" on February 13. The total of 9" ties us for the 15th least snowiest year on record.
There were even a few windy days too. The highest wind speed recorded was a west wind at 39 mph on February 29, while the highest wind gust recorded was a north wind at 49 mph on December 20. Overall, the average wind speed for the year was 8.7 mph.
The following breaks things down by month. There were 11 of 12 months with at least one record event.
January- 15th warmest on record. Set 1 record high minimum (low) temperature as well as 1 record high temperature.
February- 15th warmest on record.
March- Warmest on record with an average temperature of 59.7 degrees. The previous record was 56.0 degrees set in 1946. We tied the number of days with a high temperature greater than or equal to 80 degrees. There were 3 record high temperatures set, 5 record high minimum (low) temperatures and it was the 4th least snowiest on record.
April- 17th warmest on record. There was 1 record high temperature set. Also, 1 daily rainfall record and it was the 6th wettest on record.
May- 4th warmest on record. Tied the number of days with a minimum (low) temperature greater than or equal to 70 degrees. We tied 2 record high temperatures, set or tied 2 record high minimum (low) temperatures and it was the 3rd driest on record.
June- 13th warmest on record. Set or tied 3 record high temperatures, including the all time record maximum for the month (107 degrees on 6/28). It was also the 15th driest on record.
July- Tied for the 4th warmest on record. Tied for the 3rd most number of days with high temperatures greater than or equal to 105 degrees. 5th most number of days with high temperature greater than or equal to 100 degrees. Set number of days with high temperature greater than or equal to 95 degrees as well as set the number of days with a high temperature greater than or equal to 90 degrees. There were 3 record high temperatures set as well as 1 record high minimum (low) temperature.
August- Set 1 daily rainfall record.
September- No records
October- Tied for the 18th coldest on record. We set 1 record low maximum (high) temperature and set 2 record high minimum (low) temperatures.
November- Tied 1 record high minimum (low) temperature and tied for the least snowiest on record with 0.0".
December- Tied for the 12 warmest on record and we set 1 record high temperature.
(Climatic data for mid-Missouri is collected at the Columbia Regional Airport and maintained by the National Weather Service)