Thu, 20 Oct 2011 16:07:02 GMT — On this day in history, Oct. 17, 1989, a massive earthquake hit the San Francisco area.The quake measured 7.1 on the Richter scale and lasted for 15 seconds. It killed a total of 63 people and injured more than 3,000.The quake and its aftermath were witnessed on live television by millions of people watching the third game of the World Series.And on this day in 1968, Olympic Gold Medalist Tommie Smith and Bronze Medalist John Carlos were forced to return their awards because they raised their fists in a black-power salute during the medal ceremony.Smith and Carlos had tried to encourage African-American athletes to boycott the games.The photograph of the ceremony is one of the most familiar and enduring images of the African-American civil rights movement.On this day in 1979, the Nobel Prize committee rewarded Mother Teresa for her efforts to help the poor by awarding her the Nobel Peace Prize.Born August 27, 1910 in what is now Skopje, Macedonia, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxiciu took the name Teresa when she joined a religious order. In 1950, she founded a religious order, the Society of the Missionaries of Charity, in the ghettos of Calcutta. What began with a focus on the slums of this eastern Indian city turned into an organization striving to create and improve schools, hospitals, youth centers and orphanages in more than 25 countries.Teresa passed away at age 87 in her religious order's headquarters located in Calcutta. In addition to winning the Nobel Peace Prize, she was recognized with Vatican honors and a Presidential medal of Freedom.
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